Comparative study of pile quality control techniques




pile foundations, quality control, non-destructive testing, structural integrity, reliability


This article delves into the critical realm of quality control in pile foundation construction, presenting a comprehensive exploration of both destructive and non-destructive testing methodologies. Focused on enhancing structural integrity and reliability, the study evaluates techniques such as concrete strength testing, core sampling, Cross-Hole Sonic Logging (CSL), and Pile Integrity Testing (PIT). Results from field observations conducted during construction of the Light Rail Transit (LRT) system in Astana showcase the effectiveness of non-destructive methods, with 1,896 bored piles subjected to rapid testing. Significant findings reveal that approximately 75% of tested shafts exhibited anomalies, emphasizing the necessity for meticulous quality control. The article concludes by advocating for the adoption of advanced quality assurance protocols to mitigate risks and ensure the robustness of pile foundations in construction projects.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...

Author Biographies

Abdulla Omarov, Department of Civil Engineering, L.N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Astana, Kazakhstan

PhD, Senior Lecturer

Yoshinori Iwasaki, Geo-Research Institute, Co., Ltd., Osaka, Japan

PhD, Professor


Structural Stability: A Comprehensive Review of Pile Foundations in Construction / F. Kaladi, F. Wang, F.Z. Kherazi // Journal of Asian Development Studies. — 2023. — Vol. 12, No. 4. — P. 412–425.

Introduction to Pile Driving Inspection / K. Beard // Employee Training Manual. — Louisiana: LTRC, 2011.

Integrity Problems of Concrete Piles / FPrimeC. — 2017.

Non-destructive testing of bored piles / A. Tulebekova, N. Shakirova, A. Zhankina, Y. Muratov // Technobius. — 2021. — Vol. 1, No. 3. — P. 0002. DOI:

Assessment of the bearing capacity of piles in soil, determined by static and dynamic load tests / R.Е. Lukpanov, S.B. Yenkebayev, D.V. Tsigulyov // Engineering Journal of Satbayev University. — 2021. — Vol. 143, No. 2. — P. 252–260. DOI:

GOST 18105-2018 Concretes. Rules for control and assessment of strength. — 2018.

GOST 10181-2000 Concrete mixtures. Methods of testing. — 2000.

GOST 10180-2012 Concretes. Methods for strength determination using reference specimens. — 2012.

GOST 22685-89 Moulds for making control specimens of concrete. Specifications. — 1989.

The Experience of Piling Tests on Astana LRT Construction Site / A.Zh. Zhussupbekov, A.R. Omarov, N. Shakirova, B.G. Abdrakhmanova, D. Razueva // Proceedings of the 16th Asian Regional Conference on Soil Mechanics and Geotechnical Engineering, ARC 2019. — Taipei, Taiwan: 2020. — P. TC305.

Complex Analysis of Bored Piles on LRT Construction Site in Astana / A. Zhussupbekov, A. Omarov, N. Shakirova, D. Razueva // Transportation Soil Engineering in Cold Regions, Volume 1: Vol. 49: Lecture Notes in Civil Engineering. — Singapore: Springer Singapore, 2020. — P. 461–471. DOI:

Crosshole Sonic Logging of South Carolina Drilled Shafts: A Five Year Summary / W.M. Camp, Iii, D.W. Holley, G.J. Canivan // Contemporary Issues In Deep Foundations. — Denver, Colorado, United States: American Society of Civil Engineers, 2007. — P. 1–11. DOI:

Defect Analysis for CSL Testing / G. Likins, F. Rausche, K. Webster, A. Klesney // Contemporary Issues In Deep Foundations. — Denver, Colorado, United States: American Society of Civil Engineers, 2007. — P. 1–10. DOI:

Non-Destructive Testing of Piles Using the Low Strain Integrity Method / N. Massoudi, W. Teferra // Proceedings of the International Conference on Case Histories in Geotechnical Engineering: Vol. 2. — Missouri: 2004. — P. 1–6.

Low Strain Testing of Piles Utilizing Two Acceleration Signals / M. Johnson, F. Rausche // Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on the Application of Stress-wave Theory to Piles. — Orlando, Florida: 1996. — P. 859–869.




How to Cite

Omarov, A., & Iwasaki, Y. (2024). Comparative study of pile quality control techniques. Technobius, 4(1), 0055.