Technobius 2024-03-29T15:25:45+05:00 Prof. Dr. Yelbek Utepov (Editor-in-Chief) Open Journal Systems <p><em>Technobius</em> - is a peer-reviewed open-access electronic journal that publishes Articles and (or) Reviews in the fields of Construction and Materials Science, which meet the <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener"><strong>Author Guidelines</strong></a>.</p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>ISSN (Online): <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">2789-7338</a></strong></span></p> <p><span style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Publisher's name:</strong> Technobius, LLP.</span></p> Assessment of mechanical properties of elements modular block 2024-03-29T15:25:45+05:00 Ulan Altigenov Aliy Bespaev Natalya Ryvkina Ilya Teschev <p>This study presents the control test process to assess the bearing capacity, crack resistance, and crack opening width of the volume block ceiling slabs and the floor slab of the inter-block corridor. These parameters play an important role in ensuring the reliability and durability of buildings, especially when volumetric blocks are used in construction. The study's first phase focuses on the methodology of load-carrying capacity testing of ceiling slabs. The study's second phase focuses on the materials' crack resistance. The analysis of cracks in the material structure is a key aspect since cracks can lead to deterioration of its mechanical properties and reduced durability. The third stage of the study focuses on the crack opening width. This parameter is important in determining the criticality of cracks and their effect on structural integrity. The fourth stage of the study covers the analysis of the floor slabs of the interlocking corridor. Considering the peculiarities of loads and operating conditions in this context, tests analyzing the bearing capacity and stability of the slabs are carried out. The crack opening width reached 0.9 mm and the vertical deflections exceeded 50 mm, the deflection in the inter-block corridor floor slab before failure was about 11 mm. The test results indicate its sufficient strength, stiffness, and crack resistance. The study provides a deeper understanding of the properties and characteristics of materials used in construction and optimizes their use to improve the strength and durability of buildings.</p> 2024-03-19T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Technobius Research of foam concrete quality by two-stage foam injection method in comparison with classical foam concrete 2024-03-29T15:25:41+05:00 Rauan Lukpanov Duman Dyussembinov Aliya Altynbekova Zhibek Zhantlesova Tattigul Seidmarova <p>The article presents a method of production of foam concrete, which involves two-stage injection of foam. The proposed method involves improving the pore structure of foam concrete, due to a more uniform distribution of pores throughout the volume of the material. Laboratory tests were carried out for two types of samples, represented by the proposed method of foam concrete production by two-stage foam injection with the use of modified additive in comparison with the classical foam concrete. The density of Type 1 samples varies from 410 to 793 kg/m<sup>3</sup> (coefficient of variation from 5.12 to 7.31%), while the density of fiberboard samples lies within the range from 539 to 655 kg/m<sup>3</sup> (coefficient of variation from 2.66 to 3.14%). The results of greater variation of densities by height in the Type 1 sample relative to the Type 2 sample indicate the influence of the technological process of foam concrete production on the quality of the pore structure of the material. The results of strength evaluation showed a large scatter of Type 1 samples in relation to Type 2 samples. The highest values of CM strengths are logically observed in the lower part of the sample and the lowest in the upper location: 44.04 and 32.33 kg/cm<sup>2</sup> (coefficient of variation from 5.15 to 9.54%). For Type 2 samples, the same values are 55.18 and 44.44 kg/cm2, for the lower and upper locations, respectively (coefficient of variation from 2.79 to 5.35%). The results of thermal conductivity measurements of Type 1 samples range from 0.098 to 0.203 W/m<sup>0</sup>C (coefficient of variation from 4.59 to 11.88%), while the densities of Type 2 samples lie between 128 and 162 W/m<sup>0</sup>C (coefficient of variation from 3.38 to 3.55%).</p> 2024-03-21T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Technobius Geotechnical interpolation methodology for determining intermediate values of soil properties 2024-03-29T15:25:38+05:00 Aliya Aldungarova Assel Mukhamejanova Nurgul Alibekova Sabit Karaulov Daniyar Akhmetov <p>The article considers the application of geotechnical interpolation using ArcGIS software to determine the intermediate geotechnical properties of soils at a construction site in a residential complex in Astana, Esil district. The study is based on data from 8 boreholes drilled to a depth of 26 meters, and the purpose of the work is to use the kriging interpolation method to determine intermediate soil properties. The raw data include the results of analyzing the physical and mechanical properties of the soils from the boreholes, which served as a basis for interpolation and mapping. The results of the study are presented in the form of maps showing the intermediate mechanical properties of the soil at depths of 5, 10 and 15 m. The maps allow obtaining more accurate intermediate values. The proposed methodology not only facilitates the work of designers, but also provides data for realistic scenarios of soil strength and deformation characteristics, which significantly influences the selection of optimal types and sizes of foundations.</p> 2024-03-21T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Technobius Calculation and numerical modeling of the effect of heat and mass transfer on the properties of pile foundations in seasonally freezing soils 2024-03-29T15:25:34+05:00 Saltanat Mussakhanova Assel Sarsembayeva Askar Zhussupbekov Philip Collins <p>The phenomenon of heat and mass transfer in seasonally freezing soils has a significant impact on the condition of pile foundations. Building structures constructed in such soils experience extremely negative consequences: frost heave, vibration dynamics, moisture mass transfer and soil weakening during the thawing. Seasonally freezing soils occupy most of the territory of Kazakhstan, and in most regions the depth of soil freezing exceeds 1.5 m, there are settlements where the index reaches 1.97 m (Semiyarka, East Kazakhstan region) and in the north of the country - 2.74 m (Arshaly, Akmola region). Arrangement of foundation bases below the frost depth leads to increased construction costs, requires additional costs for thermal insulation, ventilation, other materials and structures, and, in addition, does not always lead to a full levelling of the negative impact of heat and mass transfer on the term and conditions of operation of buildings, structures, railways and roads. Therefore, the efforts of engineers and specialists in the field of thermal physics are aimed at finding effective ways to solve the problems of deformation and destruction of foundations in seasonally freezing soils. In the article an attempt is made to reveal the character of heat and mass transfer influence on pile foundations in seasonally freezing soils on the basis of a thermomechanical model.</p> 2024-03-22T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Technobius Comparative study of pile quality control techniques 2024-03-29T15:25:29+05:00 Abdulla Omarov Yoshinori Iwasaki <p>This article delves into the critical realm of quality control in pile foundation construction, presenting a comprehensive exploration of both destructive and non-destructive testing methodologies. Focused on enhancing structural integrity and reliability, the study evaluates techniques such as concrete strength testing, core sampling, Cross-Hole Sonic Logging (CSL), and Pile Integrity Testing (PIT). Results from field observations conducted during construction of the Light Rail Transit (LRT) system in Astana showcase the effectiveness of non-destructive methods, with 1,896 bored piles subjected to rapid testing. Significant findings reveal that approximately 75% of tested shafts exhibited anomalies, emphasizing the necessity for meticulous quality control. The article concludes by advocating for the adoption of advanced quality assurance protocols to mitigate risks and ensure the robustness of pile foundations in construction projects.</p> 2024-03-25T00:00:00+05:00 Copyright (c) 2024 Technobius